Can I Play Pickleball Pregnant?

Do you want to know if Can I Play Pickleball Pregnant? You don’t need to search any further! We’ll go over what you need to know about pickleball while pregnancy in this blog post. Regardless of your level of experience, we have all the pointers and guidance you need to stay safe and engaged on the court. Let’s get started and discover how you can play pickleball to keep yourself active, healthy, and entertained during your pregnancy.

Overview of Pickleball for Pregnant Women:

Pickleball is a well-liked sport that blends aspects of table tennis, badminton, and tennis. It should come as no surprise that a lot of pickleball-loving pregnant women are curious about whether they can carry on playing. The good news is that most pregnant women can safely engage in pickleball as exercise.

It’s crucial to speak with your doctor before participating in any physical activity, including pickleball, while you’re pregnant. Your physician can evaluate your health and assist you in deciding if pickleball is the correct sport for you. Furthermore, each pregnancy is unique, so it’s critical to pay attention to your body and modify it as necessary.

Advantages of Pickleball in Pregnancy:

Exercise may be difficult during pregnancy due to a variety of bodily changes. Pickleball players include consistent physical activity during pregnancy offers several advantages to expectant mothers.

First of all, frequent pickleball play may keep your muscles robust and toned. This may shorten the time needed for postpartum recovery and make labor and delivery more comfortable.

Second, playing sports like pickleball can help you stay active and boost your mood and energy levels. It has been demonstrated that maintaining an active lifestyle through sports like pickleball can improve mood and energy levels despite the fact that pregnancy hormones frequently induce weariness and mood changes.

Thirdly, consistent activity throughout pregnancy has been connected to a lower risk of high blood pressure and gestational diabetes, two common hazards related to pregnancy.

Things to Consider Before Playing Pickleball While Expecting:

While there are numerous advantages to pickleball during pregnancy, there are several things you should be aware of to ensure the safety of both you and your unborn child.

First and foremost, always warm up by slowly stretching your muscles before beginning the game. This can assist in avoiding ailments like sprains or strains of the muscles, which could cause issues while pregnant.

Second, drink lots of water before, during, and after pickleball to stay hydrated. More fluids than usual are required by pregnant women to nourish their developing unborn child and to keep themselves healthy.

Don’t overwork yourself. It’s not a good idea to try to compete at a high level or enhance your pickleball skills while pregnant. Pay attention to your body and take pauses when necessary. Recall that it’s more crucial to maintain your level of activity through moderate exercise than it is to push yourself to the limit.

For most expectant mothers, pickleball is a safe and healthy type of exercise during pregnancy. Nonetheless, prior to beginning any new physical activity while pregnant, always get medical advice. You can keep enjoying this enjoyable sport during your pregnancy by paying attention to your body, taking the appropriate safety measures, and making adjustments as needed.

Advantages of exercising when pregnant:

Pregnancy has several advantages when it comes to physical activity, and pickleball is no exception. The following are a few major benefits of maintaining an active lifestyle during pregnancy:

1.Better physical health overall:

Regular exercise helps strengthen your bones and muscles, increase your flexibility and balance, and improve your cardiovascular health. For a healthy pregnancy and a simpler labor, each of these components is essential.

2. Improves mood and mental health:

Hormonal changes brought on by pregnancy might have an impact on your mood and mental health. Engaging in physical activities like pickleball can help release endorphins, which have been shown to enhance mood, lower stress levels, and improve sleep.

3. Preserve healthy weight increase:

Throughout your nine months of pregnancy, regular exercise can assist you in preserving a healthy weight gain. Being overweight or underweight at this time might cause issues, so doing this can help both you and your kid.

4. Lower chance of gestational diabetes:

High blood sugar during pregnancy is a risk factor for gestational diabetes. Because it helps to manage blood sugar levels, regular exercise has been demonstrated to reduce the chance of developing gestational diabetes.

5. Reduces common pregnancy discomforts:

Backaches, constipation, bloating, edema in the hands and feet, sleeplessness, and other common pregnancy discomforts can all be reduced by playing pickleball.

6. Gets body ready for childbirth:

Frequent exercise tones your pelvic floor muscles, which are vital for supporting the expanding uterus during pregnancy and assisting with pushing during labor.

7. Faster recovery after birth:

Being physically active throughout pregnancy helps maintain muscle strength and prevents bed rest-induced muscle atrophy, which can result in a quicker recovery period following delivery.

8. Offers quality time spent interacting with friends or a partner:

Pickleball is a social sport that fosters player camaraderie. While pregnant, playing with your partner or friends can be a terrific way to strengthen your relationship and participate in healthy competition.

9. Set a good example for kids:

By maintaining an active lifestyle during your pregnancy, you are teaching your unborn child the value of living a fit and active life.

Keep in mind that every pregnancy is different, so before doing any physical activity, you should speak with your healthcare practitioner. If you are given the all-clear to play pickleball while pregnant, pay attention to your body’s needs and adjust the game as necessary. Above all, enjoy yourself and this unique time you are spending with your developing child!

Understanding your limitations by paying attention to your body

It’s crucial to recognize your body’s limits when engaging in any physical activity, especially when you’re pregnant. Your body is changing dramatically to make room for the baby that is developing inside of you, so pay attention to what it needs. This section will discuss how playing pickleball while pregnant can help you listen to your body and recognize its limitations.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy cause your ligaments and joints to relax, increasing your risk of injury. This may have an impact on your coordination, balance, and stability—all essential skills for pickleball. Gaining weight and changes in your center of gravity may also affect how you move on the court.

It is essential to be aware of these modifications and to modify your gaming as necessary. Avoiding pushing oneself past what is comfortable for you is one approach to do this. Keep in mind that every woman’s pregnancy experience is unique, so it’s important to pay attention to your body’s signals.

Even though pickleball is a low-impact sport, pregnant players should still use caution. It would be ideal if you thought about shortening the length or intensity of each game and making regular rests in between. Additionally, be sure to drink enough water both before and during play.

Recognizing your limitations also means being aware of any warning signals your body may be sending while you’re playing. When playing, stop right away and seek medical advice if you feel lightheaded, breathless, or have any strange pain or discomfort in your pelvic or abdominal region.

As they are the ones with the most knowledge of your medical background and can provide specific guidance, it could also be advantageous to address any worries or inquiries you may have about pickleball during pregnancy with your healthcare professional in advance.

It’s also important to keep in mind that every pregnancy is unique. Therefore, there are no standard guidelines for pickleball throughout pregnancy. While some women could feel OK playing at their usual level during their pregnancy, others might need to change their games or stop completely drastically.

It’s important to pay attention to your body and recognize its limitations if you want to play pickleball safely and enjoyably during your pregnancy. Your health and well-beingwellbeing should always come first. During play, don’t be afraid to alter or take pauses as needed. Keep in mind that your safety and the safety of your developing child come first.

Advice on how to play pickleball when expecting?

People of all ages and fitness levels are becoming more and more interested in pickleball since it’s a low-impact, enjoyable sport. If you enjoy pickleball and are expecting a mother, you might be wondering if it’s safe to play while you’re pregnant. The good news is that pickleball is often completely safe for expectant mothers to play. However, certain safety measures must be followed, just like with other strenuous exercise during pregnancy.

The following are some crucial pointers for pickleball during pregnancy:

1. See your physician.

It would help if you spoke with your doctor before beginning any physical activity when you are pregnant. Since every pregnancy is unique, your doctor can assess yours and provide you with advice on whether or not pickleball is safe for you and your unborn child.

2. Pay attention to your physical needs

Changes in the body during pregnancy include weight increase, loosened joints, and weaker muscles. It is important to pay attention to your body when playing pickleball and make necessary adjustments. When you start to feel hurt, dizzy, or uncomfortable while playing, stop and take a break.

3. Maintain your fluid intake

During pregnancy, it’s crucial to drink plenty of water at all times, particularly when exercising physically, like pickleball. Water is a great beverage to have before, during, and after the game.

4. Dress appropriately

When playing pickleball while pregnant, it’s important to wear loose, comfortable clothes that don’t restrict your movement. Steer clear of tight clothing that puts pressure on other body regions or constricts the abdomen.

5. Take note—your balance can be incorrect!

Changes in weight distribution may impact balance and coordination as your pregnancy goes on. When playing pickleball, keep this in mind by modifying your strokes and being cautious not to overextend yourself.

6. Apply the right methodology

With the right form, you can reduce joint stress and increase the efficiency of every movement. Instead of utilizing all of your might to hit the ball, keep your knees slightly bent and swing the ball with control and smoothness.

7. Take pauses as necessary

If you’re feeling worn out or uncomfortable, don’t feel obligated to play the full game or keep up with other players. As needed, take pauses and pay attention to your body’s signals.

8. Steer clear of playing during severe weather

It can be difficult for your body to maintain its temperature when pregnant, so it’s best to avoid playing pickleball in extremely hot or cold weather.

Dress in cozy, supportive attire:

People of all ages, including expectant mothers, can enjoy the thrilling and entertaining sport of pickleball. Pregnant women should, however, think about their comfort and safety when playing pickleball before hitting the courts. Dressing appropriately is essential to guaranteeing a relaxed and secure experience on the court.

Your body experiences a variety of changes throughout pregnancy, which could impair your ability to move freely and keep your balance when playing basketball. For this reason, it’s essential to wear clothes that fit properly and support your expanding tummy. Wearing clothing that is too big or too loose might restrict your range of motion and make playing uncomfortable.

Here are some suggestions for selecting cozy and supportive apparel so that you can play pickleball while pregnant without experiencing any discomfort or potential risks:

1. Choose elastic clothing:

Pregnancy causes your body to change physically, resulting in weight gain and an enlarging tummy. It is imperative to wear clothing composed of elastic materials, such as spandex or elastane, to accommodate these changes. You’ll have an ample range of motion on the court with these fabrics to move about comfortably without feeling restricted.

2. Select breathable clothing:

Because pickleball involves physical activity and exposure to the sun, you will probably sweat while playing. Selecting breathable clothing, like cotton, or moisture-wicking blends, like polyester, is essential if you want to stay dry and cool during the game.

3. Invest in a quality sports bra:

As a woman’s body gets ready to give birth, her breasts change throughout pregnancy. This alteration may result in discomfort or sensitivity in the breasts when participating in athletic activities such as pickleball. Purchasing a high-quality sports bra with enough of support can help you feel better while playing and relieve any pain or discomfort you might feel.

4. Take into consideration using compression clothing:

By improving blood flow, compression clothing, which is specifically made of material that fits tightly, helps lessen fatigue and discomfort in the muscles. Pregnant women who play pickleball may find these clothes useful as they offer extra support for their expanding tummies and alleviate some of the pain associated with the increased weight.

Having supportive, comfy apparel on is crucial to playing pickleball safely while pregnant. You may stay active during your pregnancy and have a safer and more pleasurable experience on the court by paying attention to these pointers. It’s important to pay attention to your body and wear whatever makes you feel comfortable when playing pickleball when pregnant.

Drink plenty of water and take breaks as needed:

It goes without saying that being hydrated is vital for everyone, but it becomes much more critical when a woman is pregnant. Sweating and breathing during vigorous sports like pickleball cause your body to lose water and electrolytes. Dehydration can cause weariness, lightheadedness, and a higher chance of overheating.

As a result, drinking plenty of water is essential for playing pickleball while pregnant. It is recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) that expectant mothers drink approximately 10 cups (2.3 liters) of fluid daily. But you might require even more if you’re participating in vigorous activities like pickleball.

Water consumption prior to, during, and after a pickleball match is one strategy to stay hydrated. Drinking eight ounces or more of water every fifteen to twenty minutes is advised when participating in sports or other physically demanding activities. For additional hydration benefits, you can also choose to hydrate with alternatives like electrolyte-containing sports drinks or coconut water.

Taking breaks when necessary is just as important as maintaining proper hydration. Pickleball during pregnancy might be difficult at times, so pay attention to your body and take breaks as needed. By taking a break, you’ll allow your body to heal and avoid overdoing it or getting hurt.

During the game, if you start to feel dizzy or have trouble breathing, stop right away and take a break in a cool place with lots of water close by. Remind yourself not to overexert yourself; exercising during pregnancy should be pleasurable rather than draining.

Additionally, taking regular pauses gives you the chance to assess your physical and emotional wellbeing. Numerous physiological changes brought on by pregnancy may have an impact on your mood and level of energy. As a result, it’s critical to pay attention to your body’s signals and make necessary adjustments by taking rests.

Pregnancy is a time never to undervalue the benefits of rest and fluids, particularly when participating in physically demanding activities like pickleball. You and your developing child will both benefit from drinking plenty of water and taking pauses. Thus, while having fun with the game, remember to give these two items priority.

When playing pickleball while pregnant, it’s important to remember to stay hydrated and take breaks. It’s important to stay hydrated before, during, and after the game. It would help if you also took frequent rests to pay attention to your body’s needs. You can play pickleball throughout your pregnancy safely and comfortably by doing this.

Steer clear of certain shots and motions that could strain your body:

Playing pickleball while pregnant requires you to pay attention to your body and adjust as necessary. Pregnant women can still get a fantastic workout from the game, but some several shots and moves should be avoided since they may place undue pressure on the body.

First of all, one should refrain from doing overhead smashes or jumping shots while pregnant. These exercises demand a lot of force and run the risk of injuring your abdomen or impairing your balance. It’s crucial to be aware of how your center of gravity changes throughout pregnancy and to avoid any activities that could increase your chance of falling or getting hurt.

Moreover, shots that need lunging or abrupt direction changes can also put undue strain on the body while a woman is pregnant. Sudden movements like these can raise your risk of sprains and strains because hormonal fluctuations cause your ligaments to become looser. Choose shots like volleys or drop shots, which require less lateral movement, wherever possible.

Additionally, when playing pickleball, pregnant women should refrain from crouching or squatting for extended periods. The pelvic floor muscles are under pressure in this position, which could cause pain or even cause leakage if the muscles are weak from pregnancy. Make sure to use your core muscles and avoid holding down the position for an extended period if you must bend down for a shot.

Staying hydrated is a crucial component during pregnancy. Water should be consumed in large quantities prior to, during, and following pickleball matches. Dehydration can lead to weariness and dizziness, which can cause mishaps on the court.

Throughout the game, it’s also critical to take regular breaks and avoid pushing yourself too hard. It’s common for exhaustion and sleepiness to set in earlier than usual during pregnancy since your body goes through considerable physical changes. Pay attention to your body’s signals and take a break when necessary.

When playing pickleball, expectant mothers should think about donning a pregnancy support belt in addition to avoiding specific strokes or motions. This can relieve some of the pressure on the lower back and provide the expanding tummy more support.

It’s crucial to speak with your doctor before beginning any physical activity when you’re pregnant. Depending on your particular health and pregnancy status, they can provide advice on whether or not playing pickleball is safe for you and your unborn child.

Pregnant women can enjoy pickleball, but there are some strokes and movements that should be avoided to guarantee a safe and comfortable game. Always pay attention to your body, adjust as needed, drink enough of water, take breaks as needed, and see your doctor before beginning a new exercise regimen.

Take into account changing your grip or utilizing a lighter paddle:

Many expectant moms want to know if pickleball is something they can still play while expecting. The good news is that the majority of the time, the response is yes! To protect the safety of the mother and child, it is crucial to take specific measures and changes, just like with any physical activity during pregnancy.

Using a lighter paddle is one change to take into account when playing pickleball while pregnant. This can lessen the strain on the shoulders and arms, which might be more delicate at this time. Pregnant women will find it simpler to manage their shots without exerting too much force if they use a lighter paddle, which will also need less force when striking the ball.

You may also make playing more comfortable and less taxing by changing the way you grip the paddle. Try adopting an open palm grip style, where you softly grasp onto the paddle with your fingers spread out, as opposed to a firm grip with all of your fingers wrapped around the handle. By doing this, you’ll prevent overstressing one area of your hand by distributing pressure equally throughout it.

Pregnancy is a good time to avoid using a strong or heavy serve. Choose a gentler underhand serve instead, which will put less strain on your body and take less work. Between games or sets, you can also take pauses to rehydrate and rest before picking up where you left off.

Pregnant pickleball players should also pay attention to their bodies and refrain from overexerting themselves. Playing should cease as soon as you feel tired or suffer any pain or discomfort so you can rest. Taking a break and erring on the side of caution is preferable to running the risk of hurting yourself or your child.

Furthermore, before engaging in any strenuous activity while pregnant, make sure you have your doctor’s approval. Each woman’s body is unique, and depending on personal health factors, some may need to adjust the amount of effort they put in.

There are still ways to play pickleball, an enjoyable and athletic activity, even if you are a committed player expecting a kid. Take into account switching to a lighter paddle and changing your grip, staying away from strong serves, pausing when necessary, and—above all—seeing a doctor before you play. Pickleball may be a safe and pleasurable pregnant activity, provided you follow the recommended safety measures and pay attention to your body.

Pregnancy-related safety measures to follow when playing pickleball:

A well-liked sport that blends ping pong, badminton, and tennis components is pickleball. People of all ages and fitness levels can enjoy this low-impact workout. However, there are several safety measures you should take if you are pregnant and unsure if you can still play pickleball. We’ll talk about crucial safety precautions that pregnant moms should remember when playing pickleball in this section.

1) Speak with your doctor before playing:

You must speak with your healthcare practitioner prior to participating in any physical activity while you are pregnant. Based on your particular health status, pre-existing problems, and pregnancy stage, they will determine whether or not it is safe for you to play pickleball.

2) Drink plenty of water:

The body needs more water during pregnancy since the amount of blood increases dramatically. To avoid dehydration, make sure you consume lots of water before, during, and following pickleball matches.

3) Dress appropriately:

When playing pickleball while pregnant, it’s important to wear comfortable clothes that don’t restrict movement. The best clothing is loose-fitting, moisture-wicking material since it helps control body temperature during exercise.

4) Make use of top-notch equipment:

Pickleball injuries can be avoided by using the appropriate equipment. Make sure the weight and grip size of your paddles are suitable for your comfort level. Additionally, choose balls with a moderate bounce rather than ones with a strong bounce, as the former will ease the strain on your joints.

5) Use a well-kept court:

Pickleball courts need to have a level surface free of fractures and uneven areas that could cause trips. Playing on courts with loose gravel or trash could throw off your balance and make you more likely to tumble.

6) Warm up and stretch correctly:

Just like with any physical activity, warming up before a strenuous workout helps reduce the risk of injury. To prevent strains and sprains, expectant moms should concentrate on gentle stretches that target important muscle areas like the arms, legs, and back.

7) Recognize your limits:

The change in weight distribution during pregnancy results in a change in stability and balance. Recognize that during this period, your body might not be able to function at its peak. When playing pickleball, take breaks if you feel exhausted, lightheaded, or uncomfortable in any other way.

It’s critical to pay attention to your body and refrain from pushing yourself above your comfort zone. Stopping any physical activity right away and getting medical help if needed is advised if it is causing you pain or discomfort.


Pregnant or not, pickleball is a well-liked and entertaining sport that many people participate in. To guarantee your safety and the welfare of your unborn child, you should speak with your doctor before beginning any strenuous activity while pregnant.

As long as specific safety measures are followed, pickleball is usually regarded as safe for pregnant women to continue playing, according to our research and professional assessments. These include maintaining appropriate form and technique, staying hydrated, and paying attention to your body to adapt your intensity level properly.

Pickleball is also advised to be avoided in the first trimester when there is an increased chance of miscarriage. Additionally, it would be preferable to postpone playing pickleball until after giving birth if you have any pregnancy-related issues or high-risk factors.

Although research on pickleball’s effects on expectant mothers is lacking, we can conclude studies on other low-impact games like walking or tennis. Pregnant women who engage in these activities have been demonstrated to benefit from a multitude of outcomes, such as better cardiovascular health, a lower risk of gestational diabetes, increased mood and mental health, and an easier time giving birth.

You can play pickleball while expecting, yes! Just be sure to heed this advice:

  • Avoid playing during the first trimester.
  • Keep hydrated.
  • Utilize appropriate form.
  • Pay attention to your body’s cues and adjust the intensity as necessary.
  • See your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.

Additionally, keep in mind that every pregnancy is different, so use caution and put the safety of the expectant mother and the unborn child first. Play pickleball (or any other activity) immediately if you feel pain or discomfort at any point during your pregnancy.

Pickleball is still a fantastic method to get exercise, but you should always go with your gut. As with any sport or physical activity, pay close attention to what your body requires during pregnancy. It may be necessary to sit out a few rounds or go a bit more slowly than usual.

Prioritizing your health and your unborn child’s health is crucial during pregnancy. Enjoy playing pickleball if it’s safe for you to do so while expecting! If not, however, fear not—there will be ample opportunity to play pickleball following childbirth. Just remember to enjoy yourself, use caution, and get medical advice if necessary.


Can a pregnant woman play pickleball?

It’s safe to play pickleball while pregnant because it’s a low-impact activity, but make sure to speak with your doctor first. Since every pregnancy is unique, your doctor can evaluate any possible hazards or restrictions based on your particular circumstances.

Should I exercise caution when playing pickleball when pregnant?

As with any physical activity, it’s crucial to pay attention to your body and avoid overexerting yourself when pregnant. Drink plenty of water, and dress comfortably so that you can move around. Avoiding playing in extremely hot or humid conditions could also be a smart choice.

I’m pregnant; is it OK for me to play pickleball during each trimester?

Most pregnant women can play pickleball all the way through, but once you hit the third trimester, it’s advisable to quit because your body may get more tired, and you run the danger of falling because of changes in balance.

How should I modify my strategy while expecting?

When pregnant, it’s critical to modify your game as necessary. This could entail playing more slowly, pausing when needed, utilizing softer swings and motions, and refraining from diving or abrupt direction changes that could send you flying.

Can I play pickleball while pregnant?

Yes, you can generally play pickleball while pregnant, but it’s important to consult with your healthcare provider first.

Is pickleball safe during pregnancy?

Pickleball can be safe during pregnancy if you take proper precautions and get approval from your doctor.

What are the benefits of playing pickleball while pregnant?

Playing pickleball can help maintain fitness, improve mood, and reduce stress during pregnancy.

What precautions should I take when playing pickleball while pregnant?

Stay hydrated, avoid overheating, wear appropriate footwear, and be mindful of your balance.

How does pregnancy affect my ability to play pickleball?

Pregnancy can affect your balance, endurance, and agility, so you may need to modify your play accordingly.

Can playing pickleball cause any complications during pregnancy?

High-impact activities and falls can pose risks, so it’s important to play cautiously and avoid overexertion.

Should I modify my pickleball game while pregnant?

Yes, consider playing at a slower pace, taking more breaks, and avoiding overly aggressive moves.

Are there any specific pickleball moves to avoid while pregnant?

Avoid diving, sudden twists, and heavy lunges that can strain your body or cause a fall.

Can I play pickleball in the first trimester of pregnancy?

Generally, yes, but consult your doctor, as each pregnancy is unique.

Is it safe to play pickleball in the second trimester of pregnancy?

It can be safe if you feel comfortable and your doctor approves, but be mindful of your changing centre of gravity.

Can I continue playing pickleball in the third trimester?

It depends on your comfort level and your doctor’s advice as your body undergoes significant changes in the third trimester.

How can I prevent falls while playing pickleball during pregnancy?

Maintain a stable stance, move carefully, and avoid wet or slippery courts.

What should I wear for playing pickleball while pregnant?

Wear supportive, non-restrictive clothing and proper athletic shoes to ensure comfort and safety.

Should I listen to my body while playing pickleball during pregnancy?

Absolutely. Stop immediately if you feel any pain, dizziness, or discomfort.

Can playing pickleball while pregnant affect my baby?

Moderate exercise like pickleball can be beneficial for both mother and baby but avoid excessive strain.

How long can I play pickleball during pregnancy?

Duration depends on individual fitness levels and how you feel. Regular, moderate sessions are generally recommended.

Do I need to warm up differently when pregnant?

Yes, ensure a thorough but gentle warm-up to prepare your body for activity.

Can pickleball help with pregnancy-related aches and pains?

Light exercise can alleviate some discomforts of pregnancy, but consult your doctor for personalized advice.

What are the signs that I should stop playing pickleball while pregnant?

Stop if you experience bleeding, contractions, severe pain, dizziness, or any unusual symptoms.

Can I resume playing pickleball immediately after pregnant?

Consult your healthcare provider for a safe timeline to resume playing pickleball postpartum.

Will my baby’s health be impacted by pickleball?

In general, a developing baby’s health is not negatively impacted by engaging in moderate activity, such as pickleball. But stop right away and see your doctor if you feel uncomfortable while playing or detect a decrease in fetal activity after that.

Pregnant women who wish to play pickleball should take some safety precautions, but many can continue to play the sport safely far into their second trimester. During this unique period of life, it is crucial to put the health and safety of the mother and infant first at all times while making decisions concerning physical activity.

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